Virtues of Ramadan

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Virtues of Ramadan from Quran and Sunnah

Ramadan is the 9th month in the Islamic Calendar, and is one of the regarded as one of the most virtuous months of the year.

Ramadan is the month in which the Quran was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ

You who believe, fasting is prescribed for you, as it was prescribed for those before you, so that you may be mindful of God.
Fast for a specific number of days, but if one of you is ill, or on a journey, on other days later. For those who can fast only with extreme difficulty, there is a way to compensate- feed a needy person. But if anyone does good of his own accord, it is better for him, and fasting is better for you, if only you knew.
It was in the month of Ramadan that the Quran was revealed as guidance for mankind, clear messages giving guidance and distinguishing between right and wrong. So any one of you who is present that month should fast, and anyone who is ill or on a journey should make up for the lost days by fasting on other days later. God wants ease for you, not hardship. He wants you to complete the prescribed period and to glorify Him for having guided you, so that you may be thankful.

– Surah Al-Baqarah, Verse 183-185

Ramadan is also one of the Pillars of Islam

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: Islam is based on (the following) five (principles):

1. To testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ).

2. To offer the (compulsory congregational) prayers dutifully and perfectly.

3. To pay Zakat (i.e. obligatory charity) .

4. To perform Hajj. (i.e. Pilgrimage to Mecca)

5. To observe fast during the month of Ramadan.

– Sahih al-Bukhari: Book 2, Hadith 1

One of the blessings of Ramadan

Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “When the month of Ramadan starts, the gates of the heaven are opened and the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are chained.”
– Sahih al-Bukhari: Book 30, Hadith 9

The gate of Heaven that is for the people who fast...

Narrated Sahl:
The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “There is a gate in Paradise called Ar-Raiyan, and those who observe fasts will enter through it on the Day of Resurrection and none except them will enter through it. It will be said, ‘Where are those who used to observe fasts?’ They will get up, and none except them will enter through it. After their entry the gate will be closed and nobody will enter through it.”
– Sahih al-Bukhari: Book 30, Hadith 6

The month of Ramadan contains a night, in which the Quran was first revealed to the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ - This night is known as Laylat Ul-Qadr, The Night of Power

By the Scripture that makes things clear,
truly We sent it down on a blessed night––We have always sent warnings––
a night when every matter of wisdom was made distinct
at Our command––We have always sent messages to man––
As mercy from your Lord. Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Knowing.
– Surah Adh-Dukhan, Verse 2-6

The Night of Power contains blessings that are better than a thousand months

We sent it down on the Night of Glory.
What will explain to you what that Night of Glory is?
The Night of Glory is better than a thousand months;
on that night the angels and the Spirit descend again and again with their Lord’s permission on every task;
[there is] peace that night until the break of dawn.
– Surah Al-Qadr

Its highly recommended to seek Laylat Ul-Qadr

Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Whoever fasted the month of Ramadan out of sincere Faith (i.e. belief) and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his past sins will be forgiven, and whoever stood for the prayers in the night of Qadr out of sincere Faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven .”
– Sahih al-Bukhari: Book 32, Hadith 1

Narrated Ibn `Umar:
Some men amongst the companions of the Prophet (ﷺ) were shown in their dreams that the night of Qadr was in the last seven nights of Ramadan. Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “It seems that all your dreams agree that (the Night of Qadr) is in the last seven nights, and whoever wants to search for it (i.e. the Night of Qadr) should search in the last seven (nights of Ramadan).
– Sahih al-Bukhari: Book 32, Hadith 2

The night of Qadr is in the odd night, of the last ten days of Ramadan

Narrated `Aisha:
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Search for the Night of Qadr in the odd nights of the last ten days of Ramadan.”
– Sahih al-Bukhari: Book 32, Hadith 7

The superiority of fasting

Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Fasting is a shield (or a screen or a shelter). So, the person observing fasting should avoid sexual relation with his wife and should not behave foolishly and impudently, and if somebody fights with him or abuses him, he should tell him twice, ‘I am fasting.” The Prophet (ﷺ) added, “By Him in Whose Hands my soul is, the smell coming out from the mouth of a fasting person is better in the sight of Allah than the smell of musk. (Allah says about the fasting person), ‘He has left his food, drink and desires for My sake. The fast is for Me. So I will reward (the fasting person) for it and the reward of good deeds is multiplied ten times.”
– Sahih al-Bukhari: Book 30, Hadith 4

Your sins will be forgiven is you pray sincerely through the nights of Ramadan

Narrated Abu Huraira:
I heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) saying regarding Ramadan, “Whoever prayed at night in it (the month of Ramadan) out of sincere Faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven.”
– Sahih al-Bukhari: Book 31, Hadith 1

It's also highly recommended to increase your acts of charity during Ramadan

Narrated Ibn `Abbas:
The Prophet (ﷺ) was the most generous amongst the people, and he used to be more so in the month of Ramadan when Gabriel visited him, and Gabriel used to meet him on every night of Ramadan till the end of the month. The Prophet (ﷺ) used to recite the Holy Qur’an to Gabriel, and when Gabriel met him, he used to be more generous than a fast wind (which causes rain and welfare).
– Sahih al-Bukhari: Book 30, Hadith 12

... and make sure you uphold good manners and behaviour

Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Whoever does not give up forged speech and evil actions, Allah is not in need of his leaving his food and drink (i.e. Allah will not accept his fasting.)
– Sahih al-Bukhari: Book 30, Hadith 13

Do your best to make the most out of the month of Ramadan and increase your acts of ibadah and your acts of charity.

May Allah help us strengthen our imaan, and forgive us for our sins. May He also bless us with goodness throught the blessed month of Ramadan and help us continue our good deeds from thereon in.

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